Selects and uses appropriate familiar mathematical problem solving strategies to solve
problems in familiar contexts

SUPPORT

CONTEXT

TEXT COMPLEXITY

TASK COMPLEXITY

May work with an expert/
mentor where support is
available if requested

Familiar and predictable
contexts

Limited range of contexts

Simple familiar texts with clear
purpose

Familiar vocabulary

Explicit tasks involving a
limited number of familiar
steps

Processes include identifying,
simple interpreting, simple
sequencing

FOCUS AREA:

PERFORMANCE FEATURES INCLUDE:

Problem solving processes
including estimating and
reflecting

– Relies substantially on hands-on (concrete) and real life materials, personal experience and
prior knowledge to:

• decide on an appropriate method of processing, using one or two familiar mathematical
steps to solve the problem

• make estimations and check reasonableness of processes and outcomes in relation to the
context

Mathematical methods and
use of tools

– Uses personal and informal ‘in-the-head’ methods and pen and paper methods to calculate or
uses calculator/technological processes and tools to calculate

– Identifies appropriate tools and uses them in familiar applications, e.g. uses a familiar
measuring instrument, such as a tape measure, to measure length in cm or records workplace
data on a simple hand-held device

Mathematical knowledge
and skills: number and
algebra

– Identifies and uses whole numbers, including numbers into the 1000s, money and simple
everyday fractions, decimals and percentages, e.g. 1/4, 1/10, 50% or 0.25

– Performs a limited range of familiar and predictable calculations with the four operations (+,
–, x, ÷) with division and multiplication related to small whole number values

– Begins to understand the order of the four arithmetical operations

Mathematical knowledge
and skills: measurement
and geometry

– Orders and groups shapes and measurements, explaining any simple relationships or patterns,
e.g. four-sided shapes or quantities from smallest to largest

– Identifies, draws and describes common 2D shapes and some common 3D shapes, e.g.
sphere, cube or cylinder

– Measures and estimates length, mass, capacity/volume, time and temperature, using simple
instruments graduated in familiar units, e.g. cm, m, ml, °C or hours/min/sec

– Uses knowledge of direction and location (e.g. N, S, E, W or clockwise), including simple
coordinates to read familiar and simple maps, street directories or plans

Mathematical knowledge
and skills: statistics and
probability

– Orders, where appropriate, and uses familiar data to construct simple charts and tables based
on provided scales and axes with gradations of 1s, 5s or 10s