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Selects and uses appropriate familiar mathematical problem solving strategies to solve problems in familiar contexts





May work with an expert/ mentor where support is available if requested

Familiar and predictable contexts

Limited range of contexts

Simple familiar texts with clear purpose

Familiar vocabulary

Explicit tasks involving a limited number of familiar steps

Processes include identifying, simple interpreting, simple sequencing



Problem solving processes including estimating and reflecting

– Relies substantially on hands-on (concrete) and real life materials, personal experience and prior knowledge to:

decide on an appropriate method of processing, using one or two familiar mathematical steps to solve the problem

make estimations and check reasonableness of processes and outcomes in relation to the context

Mathematical methods and use of tools

  • –  Uses personal and informal ‘in-the-head’ methods and pen and paper methods to calculate or uses calculator/technological processes and tools to calculate

  • –  Identifies appropriate tools and uses them in familiar applications, e.g. uses a familiar measuring instrument, such as a tape measure, to measure length in cm or records workplace data on a simple hand-held device

Mathematical knowledge and skills: number and algebra

  • –  Identifies and uses whole numbers, including numbers into the 1000s, money and simple everyday fractions, decimals and percentages, e.g. 1/4, 1/10, 50% or 0.25

  • –  Performs a limited range of familiar and predictable calculations with the four operations (+, –, x, ÷) with division and multiplication related to small whole number values

  • –  Begins to understand the order of the four arithmetical operations

Mathematical knowledge and skills: measurement and geometry

  • –  Orders and groups shapes and measurements, explaining any simple relationships or patterns, e.g. four-sided shapes or quantities from smallest to largest

  • –  Identifies, draws and describes common 2D shapes and some common 3D shapes, e.g. sphere, cube or cylinder

  • –  Measures and estimates length, mass, capacity/volume, time and temperature, using simple instruments graduated in familiar units, e.g. cm, m, ml, °C or hours/min/sec

  • –  Uses knowledge of direction and location (e.g. N, S, E, W or clockwise), including simple coordinates to read familiar and simple maps, street directories or plans

Mathematical knowledge and skills: statistics and probability

– Orders, where appropriate, and uses familiar data to construct simple charts and tables based on provided scales and axes with gradations of 1s, 5s or 10s