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ACSF Oral 4.07 Demonstrates flexibility in spoken texts by choosing appropriate structures and strategies in a range of contexts


Demonstrates flexibility in spoken texts by choosing appropriate structures and strategies in a range of contexts


Minimal support, as requested

Establishing own support resources

Range of contexts, including some that are unfamiliar and/or unpredictable

Some specialisation in non-routine contexts

Complex texts

Embedded information

Includes specialised vocabulary

Includes abstraction and symbolism

Complex task analysis involving application of a number of processes, eg: extracting, comparing and interpreting information


Range and context

  • Engages in complex oral negotiations, such as exploring issues, problem-solving, reconciling points of view or bargaining

Audience and purpose

  • Reflects on underlying meaning of the communication and responds appropriately
  • Considers aspects of context, purpose and audience when generating oral texts
  • Uses register appropriate to the context
  • Uses vocabulary, grammar and structure appropriate to register in order to exchange or obtain goods and services, establish, maintain and develop relationships, and to gather and provide information
Cohesion and structure
  • Relates separate pieces of information within a spoken text, rather than treating them as separate units of information
  • Participates effectively in spoken interactions by using strategies to confirm, clarify or repair understanding, and makes constructive additions to what has been said
  • Initiates topic shifts and points of clarification, and gives verbal and non-verbal feedback
  • Demonstrates control of most distinguishing linguistic structures and features of a range of oral genres, such as reports, discussions, procedures and narratives
  • Selects vocabulary to create nuances of meaning in fields of knowledge or in particular contexts
Pronunciation and fluency
  • Uses stress, intonation and gesture effectively to convey a range of emotions or intentions
  • Uses intelligible pronunciation, and stress and intonation patterns
  • Demonstrates generally appropriate flow of speech though may have occasional repetition, hesitation or self-correction
  • Monitors the effectiveness of the interaction by adjusting gesture and other paralinguistic features